The Science Behind Brain Training
The Science Behind Brain Train
*Behaviors change the brain. The key to these changes is neuroplasticity. The brain changes in 3 ways to support learning: Chemical, Structural and Functional.
1. The brain functions by transferring signals between brain cells and neurons, triggering a series of actions and reactions. To support learning your brain can increase the amount or the concentrations of these chemical signals that takes place between neurons. Considering that this change happens rapidly, this supports short-term memory or the short-term improvement in the performance of a motor skill.
2. During learning, the brain can change the connections between neurons. These types of changes are related to long-term memory, the long-term improvement in a motor skill. The physical structure of the brain is actually changing so this takes a bit more time. What you see in the short term does not reflect learning. It’s these physical changes that are now going to support long-term memories, and chemical changes that support short-term memories. Structural changes also can lead to integrated networks of brain regions that function together to support learning. Furthermore, they can also lead to certain brain regions that are important for very specific behaviors to change your structure to enlarge.
3. As you use a brain region, it becomes more and more excitable and easy to use again. As your brain has these areas that increase their excitability, the brain shifts how and when they are activated. With learning, we see that whole networks of brain activity are shifting and changing.
Neuroplasticity is supported by chemical, by structural and by functional changes, and these are happening across the whole brain.
*Dr. Laura Boyd, University of British Columbia, Brain Researcher